Symbols & Stereotypes: National Identity in European Poster Design 1914-1945 (2001)

"The illustrative poster as we know it today has its origins in the technological innovations of the nineteenth century. The poster has continued to evolve as a means of communication, propaganda and persuasion; in recent times, it has been appropriated as a medium by artists such as Barbara Kruger and Michael Peel, who have used it to parody and subvert the messages of the advertising industry and the state. The rise of the nation state…