Charles E. Turner (b.1893; d.1965)

Charles E Turner was born in Lancaster, but based in Liverpool, an artist who specialised in landscape and marine views. Proficient in watercolours and oils, Turner exhibited at the RA in London as well as Manchester and Liverpool. Turner fought in both the First and Second World Wars, as a captain in the Fleet Air Arm, combining active service with service as a war artist, signing his work C.E. Turner. Inter-war Turner had developed series of illustrations for Thomas Forman and Cunard, becoming a ‘series of excellent postcards’. His best-known work, however, dates from the two wars. Turner designed for Churchill Cigar Boxes, and, alongside paintings demonstrating his first-hand experience of combat, produced illustrations for Illustrated London News and Sphere magazines. These included ‘closely observed and highly detailed’ naval actions, which presented ‘a heightened sense of the drama of events such as this, and these appeared as double-page spreads’. He died on April 14 1965, now many of his oil and watercolour paintings of the two World Wars are preserved in the collection of the National Maritime Museum, London, and at the IWM, London.

Information collated from: National Maritime Museum, ‘Biography of Charles E Turner’,, accessed October 3 2003; Luxury Liners of the Past, ‘Postcard Artists’,, accessed October 3 2003; National Maritime Museum, ‘HMS Montrose Arriving at Reykjavik, Iceland’,…, accessed October 3 2003

By Second World War Posters

Mass Communications Academic, @MMUBS. British Home Front Propaganda posters as researched for a PhD completed 2004. In 1997, unwittingly wrote the first history of the Keep Calm and Carry On poster, which she now follows with interest.

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