#DigitalParenting Bibliography

Cat sat with books
From RGBStock

Always important to survey the field before committing further words to paper, so here’s the initial list of texts:

Interestingly, in Autumn earlier this year, there was a swathe of books on privacy.



Unpublished Sources

Manuscripts and Archives

Art Department, Imperial War Museum, London

Imperial War Museum Poster Database (Only available locally)

Original posters

Scrapbooks of newspaper cuttings: Abram Games, Artist ; ATS Glamour Girl History, 1939-1985; Edwin Embleton, Studio Director, Ministry of Information (1939-1947); F.H.K. Henrion, Artist ; Kenneth Bird (Fougasse), Artist

Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge

CHURCHILL, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer (1874-1965), Chartwell Trust Papers, 1874-1945. (CHAR)

House of Lords Record Office, London

Hist. Coll .184, Beaverbrook Papers

Hist. Coll. 270, Davidson Papers

Hist. Coll. 271, Davidson Papers

London Transport Museum, London

London Transport Poster Database (Only available locally)

Mass-Observation Archive, University of Sussex

Mass-Observation File Reports:

FR 2: Government Posters in Wartime: Effectiveness of Posters, October, 1939

FR 5: Six Railway Posters: Preferences in Design, October 1939

FR 116: US 16-17: Digging for Victory: War and the Churches; Health and War, May 1940

FR 193: A New Attitude to the Problems of Civilian Morale: The Home Front: Function of Propaganda Recommendations, June 1940

FR 283: Press Prestige: Distrust of Press, June 1940

FR 286: Prediction, restriction and jurisdiction: Enemy propaganda, control of rumour, restriction of civilian activity and reaction of public to new military-civil courts, p.6 missing, June 1940

FR 306: Testing the Slogan “Go To It!”: Propaganda to assist war production, June 1940

FR 442: Slogan: “Be Like Dad, Keep Mum”: Reactions, October 1940

FR 615: Why appeal to women?: Criticism of Bevin’s appeal to women to contribute to the war effort, March 1941

FR 673: Saturation of Instructions: Efficacy of Government propaganda, April 1941

FR 1536: Have you a mind of your own: Article by Kathleen Raine in Modern Woman about the influence of propaganda, December 1942

FR 1630: Various indirects collected during the week of 15 March 1943: Reports of informal conversations on Russia, General Giraud and General de Caulle, careless talk in hairdressers’ shops, March 1943

FR 1633: VD Publicity and the Press: Reactions to VD advertisements in the newspapers, March 1943

FR 1634: Fortnightly bulletin (4): Gandhi, the Beveridge Debate, Russia and morale, rumours and grumbles, March 1943

Mass-Observation Topic Collections:

TC 12: SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR 1939-50, Box 1

TC 13: HEALTH 1939-49, Box 1

TC 42: POSTERS 1939-47, Boxes 1 to 4

TC 43: PROPAGANDA AND MORALE 1939-44, Boxes 1 to 5

TC 75: INDUSTRY 1939-55, Box 3

National Art Library, Victoria & Albert Museum, London

Power of the Poster Information File, containing newspaper cuttings.

‘Edwin J Embleton 1907- Great Britain, Ministry of Information’, AAD/1996/4 – Archive of Art & Design. Entry in Public Access Catalogue. (Only available locally)

Prints Department, Victoria & Albert Musuem, London

Original posters

Public Record Office, London

Public Record Office Classifications:

AVIA 22: Ministry of Supply: Registered Files, 1934-1962

BW 8: British Council: Registered Files, West Africa, 1939-1949

CAB 16: Committee of Imperial Defence, Ad Hoc Sub-Committees: Minutes, Memoranda and Reports, 1905-1939

CAB 21: Cabinet Office and predecessors: Registered Files (1916 to 1965) 1916-1973

CAB 87: War Cabinet and Cabinet: Committees on Reconstruction, Supply and other matters: Minutes and Papers (RP, SLAO and other Series), 1941-1946

CAB 117: War Cabinet: Reconstruction Secretariat: Correspondence and Papers 1940-1945

HLG 7: Ministry of Health: Second World War Special Wartime Functions, Registered Files (LN and other series) and Papers 1925-1954

INF 1: Ministry of Information: Files of Correspondence, 1936-1950

INF 2: Ministry of Information and Central Office of Information: Guard Books and Related Unregistered Papers, 1939-1978

INF 3: Ministry of Information: Original Art Work, 1939-1946

INF 4: Ministry of Information and Predecessors: War of 1914 to 1918 Information Services, 1915-1943

INF 13: Ministry of Information and Central Office of Information: Posters and Publications, 1939-1988

LAB 8: Ministry of Labour and successors: Employment Policy, Registered Files (EM series and other series), 1907-1979

MAF 39: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and predecessors: Establishment and Finance: Correspondence and Papers, 1839-1965

MAF 58: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and predecessors: Agricultural Machinery Correspondence and Papers, 1920-1967

MAF 59: Board of Agriculture and successors: Women’s Land Army, 1916-1985

MAF 102: Ministry of Food: Services Department: Public Relations Group, 1938-1955

MH 55: Ministry of Health: Health Divisions: Public Health Services, Registered Files (93,000 Series) and Other Records, 1853-1970

MH 71: Ministry of Health: Various Committees’ Correspondence, Minutes and Reports, 1916-1958

MH 78: Ministry of Health and predecessors and successor: Establishment and Organization Files, 1862-1985

MH 101: Ministry of Health: War Diaries, Second World War, 1938-1946

MH 102: Home Office: Children’s Department: Registered Files (Six Figure Series), 1850-1971

PIN 8: Ministry of National Insurance and predecessors: Committee on Social Insurance and Allied Services Committee (Beveridge Committee), correspondence, papers and registered files (NI 99 series), 1939-1946

PREM 1: Prime Minister’s Office: Correspondence and Papers, 1916-1940, 1914-1940

RG 23: Government Social Survey Department: Social Survey: Reports and Papers, 1941-1978

T 161: Treasury: Supply Department: Registered Files (S Series), 1905-1961

Wellcome Institute, London

PP-JRH: James Randal Hutchinson (c.1880-1955) and William Henry Bradley (1898-1975) of the Ministry of Health.

SA-PVD: National Society for the Prevention of Venereal Diseases

SA-BSH: British Social Hygiene Council formerly The National Council for Combatting Venereal Diseases (f.1914 name changed 1925)


Allen, M., ‘A Railway Revolution? A census-based analysis of the economic, social and topographical effects of the coming of the railway upon the city of Winchester c. 1830 – c. 1890’, King Alfred’s College (Southampton University): Unpublished PhD, 1999 .


Boon, T.M., ‘Films and the contestation of public health in interwar Britain’, University of London (Wellcome Institute): Unpublished PhD, 1999


Davies, S.R., ‘Propaganda and popular opinion in domestic Russia, 1934-41’, University of Oxford: Unpublished DPhil, 1994


Fisher, S. J., ‘The blitz and the bomber offensive: a case study in British home propaganda, 1939-45’, University of Edinburgh: Unpublished PhD, 1993


Howling, I.R.C., ‘Our Soviet Friends’: the presentation of Soviet Union in the British media 1941-45’, University of Leeds: Unpublished MA, 1988


Kertesz, M., ‘The enemy – British images of the German people during the Second World War’, University of the Sussex: Unpublished DPhil, 1992


Lewis, R., ‘Second World War home front propaganda posters: the fourth armament?’ University of Southampton (King Alfred’s, Winchester): Unpublished BA, 1997


Perry, P., ‘(Dis)ordering signs: an inquiry into British recruitment posters of the First World War’, University of Southampton (Winchester School of Art): Unpublished MA, 1995


Rennie, P., ‘An investigation into the design, production and display contexts of industrial safety posters produced by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents during WW2’, University of London (London School of Printing): Unpublished PhD, 2004


Royall, K., ‘Posters of the Second World War: the fourth arm of defence?’, University of Westminster: Unpublished MA, 1991


Spiers, L.M., ‘An enquiry into the use of propaganda on the Home Front during World War Two with special reference to the role and effectiveness of the poster as a means of conveying Government policy’, University of Southampton (Winchester School of Art): Unpublished MA, 1998

Conference Papers and Lecture Notes

Darling, E., ‘“The Peckhamites are going all Nazi”: a new landscape of health in a south London street’,Re-Making Londoners: Models of a Healthy Society in the Nation’s Capital 1918-1939’, CMH Workshop, November 13 2002


Doherty, M., ‘What is Political Propaganda?’ (Lecture), ‘MA in Propaganda, Persuasion and History’, at University of Kent at Canterbury, October 1997


James, H., History Data Service, ‘Digitisation and its Implications’, AHDS Digitisation Workshop, April 2002


Lewis, R., ‘Nostalgia and the Visual Image’, Public History Conference, Ruskin College, May 2000


Price, M., ‘In Sickness or in Health: the Pioneer Health Centre and the creation of the NHS’, ‘Re-Making Londoners: Models of a Healthy Society in the Nation’s Capital 1918-1939’, CMH Workshop, November 13 2002


Woollard, M., ‘Databases for Historians Course’, Institute of Historical Research, February 7-11 2000

Published Sources

Printed Sources

Parliamentary Papers

Parliamentary Debates:

Hansard (August 1939-June 1945)

Newspapers and magazines


Advertising Review (1939-1940)

Advertiser’s Weekly (1939-1946)

Advertising Monthly (March-December 1939)

Advertising World (February 1939-September 1940)

Art and Industry (1939-1958)

Art and Craft Education (October 1936-August 1940)

Picture Post (July 1939-September 1945)

Press, Advertising and the Trade (September 1939-September 1940)


The Times (October 1939; February 1940; February 1941; January 1942)

Articles and Chapters

Anonymous, ‘A hairy naked man in a rubber ring. Interested?’, The Guardian: G2: Branded, A Special Investigation, July 9 2001, p.2


Anonymous, ‘Warts and All’, Observer Monthly, November 2003, pp.24-33


Beardsley, E.H., ‘Allied Against Sin: American and British Responses to Venereal Disease in World War I’, Medical History, Vol. 20, 1976, pp.189-202


Benjamin, M., ‘Off the Wall and Out of Mind’, Evening Standard, April 16 1998, pp.28-29


Bommes, M. and Wright, P., ‘“Charms of Residence”: the public and the past’, in Johnson, R., McLennan, G., Schwarz, B., and Sutton, D. (eds), Making Histories: Studies in History-Writing and Politics, London: Hutchinson, 1982, pp.276-288


Bürger, P., ‘On the Problem of Autonomy of Art in Bourgeois Society’, Frascina, F. and Harris, J. (eds), Art in Modern Culture: An anthology of critical texts, London: Phaidon, 1992


‘Crown Copyright’, Copyright Act 1911, July 1 1912


Daniels, G., ‘Japanese Domestic Radio and Cinema Propaganda, 1937-1945 – An overview’, Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, Vol 2, No.2, 1982, pp.115-132


Davidson, R., ‘Fighting ‘The Deadly Scourge’: The Impact of World War II on Civilian VD Policy in Scotland’, Scottish Historical Review, Vol. LXXV, No. 199, April 1996, pp.72-97


Dutton, P., ‘Moving Images? The Parliamentary Recruiting Committee’s Poster Campaign 1914-1916’, Bardgett, S. (ed.), Imperial War Museum Review, Vol. 4, 1989, pp.43-58


Eckersley, T., ‘Poster Design and Display’, Artist, Vol. 57, May 1959, pp.57-61


Evans, D., ‘Tackling the ‘Hideous Scourge’: The Creation of the Venereal Disease Treatment Centres in Early Twentieth-Century Britain’, Social History of Medicine, Vol. 5, 1992, pp.414-417


Fowler, S., ‘The Nation’s Memory’, Martin, A.M. (ed.) Despatches: The Magazine of the Friends of the Imperial War Museum, April 1997, pp.4-7


Games, A., ‘Art for the Cause of Victory: My World War II Posters’, Quarterly Journal of the Poster Society, Summer 1986, pp.15-16


Giles, G., ‘Through Cigarette Cards to Manliness: Building German Character with an Informal Curriculum’, in Goodman, J., and Martin, J. (eds), Gender, Politics and the Experience of Education: An International Perspective, London: Woburn Press, 2002, pp.73-96


Goodman, J., ‘Sex and the City: Educational Initiative for “Dangerous” and “Endangered” Girls in Late Victorian and Early Edwardian Manchester’, Paedagogica Historica, Vol. 39, No. 1/2, 2003, pp.79-83


Goodman, P., ‘Patriotic Femininity: Women’s Morals and Men’s Morale During the Second World War’, Gender and History, Vol. 10, No. 2, August 1998, pp.278-293


Gubar, S., ‘“This Is My Rifle, This Is My Gun”: World War Two and the Blitz on Women’, in Higonnet, M.R., Jenson, J., Michel, S., and Weitz, M.C. (eds), Behind the Lines: Gender and the Two World Wars, London: Yale University Press, 1987, pp.227-259


Harrison, M., ‘The British Army and the Problem of Venereal Disease in France and Egypt during the First World War’, Medical History, Vol. 39, 1995, pp.133-158


———-, ‘Medicine and the Management of Modern Warfare’, History of Science, Vol. 34, 1996, pp.379-410


Hensher, P., ‘The Poster as a Pin-up’, Mail on Sunday, April 19 1998, p.40


Izenberg, G.N., ‘Text, Context and Psychology in Intellectual History’, in Kozicki, H. (eds), Developments in Modem Historiography, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1993 pp.40-62


Jeans, D.N., ‘Planning and the Myth of the English Countryside, in the Interwar Period’, Rural History, Vol. 1, No.2, 1990, pp.249-264


Joyce, P., ‘Work’, in Thompson, F.M.L. (ed.), The Cambridge Social History of Britain 1950-1950. Volume 2: People and Their Environment, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990


Kirkup, G., ‘The Family Album: Past, Present and Absent’, in Drake, M., and Finnegan, R. (eds), Sources and Methods for Family and Community Historians: A Handbook, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994


Livingston, A., and Livingston, I., ‘Obituary: Abraham Games’, The Independent, August 29 1996


Longton, W.B., ‘Soviet political posters: art and ideas for the masses’, History, Vol. 26, May 1976, pp.302-9


Margolin, V., ‘Constructivism and the Modern Poster (The Arts of Revolutionary Russia)’, Art Journal, Vol 44, No.1, 1984, pp.28-32


Moody, M., ‘Des illusions… Désillusions…: An introduction to parties, personalities and posters in collaborationist France, 1940-1944’, Bardgett, S. (ed.), Imperial War Museum Review, No. 4, 1989, pp.59-68


———–, ‘“War” Games – An Undisputed Genius’, IWM: Despatches, December 1996


Morris, R.J., ‘History and Computing’, in Kent, A., and Williams, J.G. (eds), Encyclopaedia of Computer Science and Technology, New York: Marcel Dekker, 1994


Orwell, G., ‘Wartime Diary: 1942’ (13 June), in Orwell, S. and Angus, I. (eds), The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell, Vol. 2: My Country Right or Left 1940-1943, New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1968


Pelling, H., reviewing McLaine, I., ‘Ministry of Morale: Home Front Morale and the Ministry of Information in World War Two’, History, Vol. 95, 1980, p.187


Sciola, G., ‘War propaganda and Fascist myth: the poster collections of the Micheletti Foundation’, Bardgett, S. (ed.) Imperial War Museum Review, No. 7, 1993, pp.55-64


Smith, A., ‘Low and Lord Beaverbrook: The Cartoonist & the Newspapers Proprietor’, Encounter, Vol. 65, 1985, pp.7-24


Tames, R., ‘Poster Power at the V&A’, History Today, April 1998, pp.32-33


Taylor, P.M., ‘If War Should Come: Preparing the Fifth Arm for Total War 1935-1939’, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 16, 1981, pp.33-45


Thorpe, A., ‘Britain’, in Noakes, J. (ed.), The Civilian in War: The Home Front in Europe, Japan and the USA in World War II, Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 1992


Towers, B.A., ‘Health Education Policy 1916-1926: Venereal disease and the prophylaxis dilemma’, Medical History, Vol.24, 1980, pp.70-87


Wainwright, W., ‘Posters in Wartime’, Our Time, June 1943


Weight, R., ‘State, Intelligentsia and the Promotion of National Culture in Britain, 1939-45’, Historical Research, Vol. 69, No. 168, February 1996


Willcox, T., ‘Towards a Ministry of Information’, History, Vol. 69, October 1984, pp.398-414.


Abrams, M., Social Surveys and Social Action, London: Heinemann, 1951


Ades, D., The Twentieth Century Poster: Design of the Avant-Garde, New York: Abbeville, 1984


Albig, W., Modern Public Opinion, London: McGraw-Hill, 1956


Aldgate, A., and Richards, J., Britain can take it: the British Cinema in the Second World War, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1986 (Second Edition)


Allen, R.E., The Pocket Oxford Dictionary of Current English, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984


Allinson, I., A History of Modern Espionage, London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1965


Amstutz, W., Who’s Who in Graphic Art, Zurich: Graphis Press, 1962


Anderson, B., Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, London: Verso, 1991 (Second Edition)


Anonymous, Who’s Who in Art, London: Art Trade Press 1948 (Fourth Edition)


Aulich, J., and Sylvestrova, M., Political Posters in Central and Eastern Europe 1945-95, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999


Baburina, N., The Soviet Political Poster 1917-1980: from the USSR Lenin Library Collection, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1985


Badash, L., Hollinger, R., and Shagrin, M.L., Scientists and the Development of Nuclear Weapons: From Fission to the Limited Test Ban Treaty 1939-1963, New Jersey: Humanities Press, 1994


Balfour, M., Propaganda in War 1939-45, Organisations, Policies and Publics in Britain and Germany, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1979


Bätschmann, O., The Artist in the Modern World: The Conflict Between Market and Self-expression, New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1997


Barker, C., and Galasinski, D., Cultural Studies and Discourse Analysis: A Dialogue on Language and Identity, London: Sage, 2001


Barnicoat, J., A Concise History of Posters, London: Thames and Hudson, 1972


Barraclough, G., Main Trends in History, London: Holmes & Meier, 1978


Barron, S., Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany, Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1991


Bartlett, F.C., Political Propaganda, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1940


Baxendale, J., and Pawling, C., Narrating the Thirties. A Decade in the Making: 1930 to the Present, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1996


Bayer, P., Art Deco Source Book, Oxford: Phaidon, 1988


Beddoe, D., Back to the Home and Duty: Women Between the Wars 1918-1939, London: Pandora, 1989


Begley, G., Keep Mum: Advertising Goes to War, London: Lemon Tree Press, 1975


Bell, P.M.H., John Bull and the Bear: British Public Opinion, Foreign Politics and the Soviet Union, 1941-1945, London: Edward Arnold, 1990


Beller, E.A., Propaganda in Germany during the Thirty Years War, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1940


Bennett, R., Behind the Battle: Intelligence in the War With Germany, 1939-45, London: Sinclair-Stevenson, 1994


Benson, J., The Working Class in Britain, London: I.B. Tauris, 2003


Bergmeier, H.J.P., and Lotz, R.E., Hitler’s Airwaves: The Inside Story of Nazi Radio Broadcasting and Propaganda, London: Yale University Press, 1997


Bernstein, D., The Shell Poster Book, Boston: David R Godine, 1993


———-, Advertising Outdoor: Watch This Space!, London: Phaidon, 1997


Beynon, H., and Austrin, T., Masters and Servants: Class and Patronage in the Making of a Labour Organisation: the Durham miners and the English political tradition, London: Rivers Oram Press, 1994


Bishop, P., An Archetypal Constable: National Identity and the Geography of Nostalgia, London: Athlone, 1995


Bishop, T. (ed.), Design History: Fad or Function?, London: Design Council, 1978


Black, J., A History of the British Isles, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1997


Black, J.B., Organising the Propaganda Instrument: the British Experience, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1975


Blackburn, S., The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996


Blair, M., Dawtrey, L., and Holland, J., Education Studies Guide: Gender Issues in Education: Equality and Difference, Milton Keynes: Open University, 1994


Bloch, E., The Utopian Function of Art and Literature, London: MIT, 1988


Boehm, E., Behind Enemy Lines: WWII Allied/Axis Propaganda, New Jersey: Wellfleet Press, 1989


Bolton, C.K., The Reign of the Poster, Being Comments and Criticisms, Boston: Winthrop B Jones, 1895


Bonnell, V.E., Iconography of Power: Soviet Political Posters under Lenin and Stalin, London: University of California, 1997


Boyle, A., The Climate of Treason: Five Who Spied for Russia, London: Hutchinson, 1979


Branson, N., and Heinemann, M., Britain in the Nineteen Thirties, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1971


Braybon, G. and Summerfield, P., Out of the Cage: Women’s Experiences in the Two World Wars, London: Pandora, 1987


Brierley, S., The Advertising Handbook, London: Routledge, 1995


Briggs, A., The History of Broadcasting in the United Kingdom; Vol 3; The War of Words, London: Oxford University Press, 1970


———–, A Social History of England, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1983


———–, Go To It! Working for Victory of the Home Front, London: Mitchell Beazley, 2000


Briggs, A., and Burke, P., A Social History of the Media: From Gutenberg to the Internet, Cambridge: Polity, 2002


Briggs, S., Keep Smiling Through, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1975


British Institute of Public Opinion, What Britain Thinks, the Technique of Public Opinion Measurement, London: The News Chronicle and British Inst of Public Opinion, 1939


————, The Beveridge Report and the Public, London: H. Clarke & Co., 1943


Brockhampton Press, Dictionary of Design, New Lanark: Geddes and Grosart Ltd, 1997


Brown, J.A.C., The Social Psychology of Industry, Harmondsworth: Penguin,1954


———–, Techniques of Persuasion: from Propaganda to Brainwashing, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1963


Bruley, S., Women in Britain Since 1900, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999


———–, Working for Victory: A Diary of Life in a Second World War Factory, Stroud: Sutton, 2001


Bryant, M., and Heneage, S., Dictionary of British Cartoonists and Caricaturists 1730-1980, Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1994


Buchanan, T., Britain and the Spanish Civil War, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997


Bullock, A., The Life and Times of Ernest Bevin, Volume 2: Minister of Labour 1940-1945, London: Heinemann, 1967


Bulmer, M., The Social Survey in Historical Perspective 1880-1940, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991


Burchardt, J., Paradise Lost: Rural Idyll and Social Change since 1800, London: I.B.Tauris, 2002


Byerly, B., and Byerly, C. (eds), Dearest Phylabe, Letters from Wartime England,
Colorado: University Press of Colorado, 1996


Calder, A., The People’s War, London: Pimlico, 1969


———-, and Sheridan, D., Speak for Yourself: A Mass-Observation Anthology 1937-49, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984


Calinescu, M., Five Faces of Modernity: Modernism, Avant-Garde, Decadence, Kitsch, Postmodernism, Durham: Duke University Press, 1987


Campbell, A., Fishman, N., and Howell, D., Miners, Unions and Politics 1910-47, Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1996


Campbell, C., The Beggarstaff Posters: The Work of James Pryde and William Nicholson, London: Barrie and Jenkins, 1993


Campbell, J. (ed.), Experience of World War II, London: Harrap,1989


Cantwell, J.D., Images of War: British Posters 1939-45, London: HMSO, 1989


———–, The Second World War: A Guide to Documents in the Public Record Office, London: HMSO, 1993


Cesarani, D., and Kushner, T. (eds), The Internment of Aliens in Twentieth Century Britain, London: Portland, 1993


Chakotin, S., The Rape of the Masses: the Psychology of Totalitarian Political Propaganda, London: Labour Book Service, 1940


Chamberlin, E.R., Life in Wartime Britain, London: Batsford, 1972


Chapman, J., The British at War: Cinema, State and Propaganda, 1939-1945, London: I.B. Tauris, 1998


———-, Licence to Thrill: A Cultural History of the James Bond Films, London: I.B. Tauris, 1999


Charmley, J., Duff Cooper: The Authorised Biography, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1986


Childs, D., Britain Since 1939: Progress and Decline, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1995


Childs, H.L., An Introduction to Public Opinion, London: Chapman & Hall, 1947


———-, Public Opinion: Nature, Formation and Role, Princeton (N.J.): Princeton University Press, 1965


Christensen, R.M., Voice of the People: Readings in Public Opinion and Propaganda, London: McGraw-Hill, 1967


Church, R., and Outram, Q., Strikes and Solidarity: Coalfield Conflict in Britain 1889-1966, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,1998


Citrine, W., I Search for Truth in Russia, London: G. Routledge & Sons, 1936


Clark, J., Heinemann, M., Margolies, D., and Snee, C. (eds), Culture and Crisis in Britain in the 30s, London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1979


Clark, T., Art and Propaganda, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London: The Everyman Art Library, 1997


Cole, G.D.H., and Postgate, R., The Common People: 1946-1946, London: Methuen, 1946 (Second Edition)


Cole, R., Britain and the War of Words in Neutral Europe, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1990


———-, Propaganda in Twentieth Century War and Politics: An Annotated Bibliography, London: Scarecrow Press, 1996


———-, International Encyclopaedia of Propaganda, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1998


Colebrook, C., New Literary Histories: New Historicism and Contemporary Criticism, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997


Connan, D.M., Better Than Cure: A handbook on Public Health Propaganda, London: Noel Douglas, 1927


Constantine, S., Buy and Build: The Advertising Posters of the Empire Marketing Board, London: HMSO, 1986


Cooper, D., Old Men Forget, London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1953


Cooter, R., Harrison, M., and Sturdy, S. (eds), Medicine and Moral Warfare, Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1999


Cork, R., Vorticism and Its Allies, London: Arts Council of Great Britain, 1974


Costello, J., Love, Sex and War 1939-1945, London: Pan, 1985


Coultlass, C., Images for Battle: British Film and the Second World War, 1939-1945, London: Associated University Presses, 1989


Court, W.H.B., History of the Second World War: Coal, London: HMSO, 1951


Creveld, M., Technology and War: From 2000 BC to the Present, 1991


Crew, T., Health Propaganda: Ways and Means (With Illustrations): Covering the Propaganda Services of the National Health Associations and others, Organisation of Health Exhibitions and Health Week Campaigns, London: Central Council for Health Education, 1935 (June)


Cruickshank, C., The Fourth Arm: Psychological Warfare 1938-45, London: Davis-Poynter, 1977


Cull, N.J., Selling War: The British Propaganda Campaign Against American ‘Neutrality’ in World War II, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995


Cunliffe, B., Bartless, R., Morril, J., Briggs, A., and Bourke, J. (eds), The Penguin Atlas of British & Irish History, London: Penguin, 2001


Cunningham, C., Beaulieu: The Finishing School for Secret Agents, London: Leo Cooper, 1998


Darracott, J., and Loftus, B. (Imperial War Museum), Second World War Posters, London: HMSO, 1972


———-, Second World War Posters, London: Westerham, 1981 (Second Edition)


Davenport-Hines, R.P.T., Sex, Death and Punishment: Attitudes to Sex and Sexuality in Britain since the Renaissance, London: Fontana, 1990


Davidson, R., and Hall, L., Sex, Sin and Suffering: Venereal disease and European society since 1870, London: Routledge, 2001


Davies, A.J., Where Did the Forties Go? A Popular History: The Rise and Fall of the Hopes of a Decade, London: Pluto, 1984


———–, To Build a New Jerusalem: The Labour Movement from the 1880s to the 1990s, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1992


Davies, J., The Wartime Kitchen and Garden: The Home Front 1939-45, London: BBC Books, 1993


Davies, J., The Book of Guinness Advertising, UK: Guinness Publishing, 1998


Davies, R., Women and Work, London: Hutchinson, 1975


Davis, G., The Irish in Britain 1815-1914, Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1991.


Davis, M., Comrade or Brother? The History of the British Labour Movement 1789-1951, London: Pluto Press, 1993


De Mendelssohn, P., Japan’s Political Warfare, London: George Allen & Unwin, 1944


Dean, M., Critical and Effective Histories: Foucault’s Methods and Historical Sociology, London: Routledge, 1994


Dear, I., Sabotage and Subversion: Stories from the Files of the SOE and OSS, London: Arms and Armour, 1996


Deary, T., Horrible Histories: The Twentieth Century, London: Scholastic, 1996


Devereux, T., Messenger Gods of Battle: Radio-Radar Sonar: the Story of Electronics in War, Amersham: Brassey, 1990


Dillon, M., The Enemy Within: the IRA Inside the United Kingdom, London: Doubleday, 1994


Doherty, M.A., Nazi Wireless Propaganda: Lord Haw-Haw and British Public Opinion in the Second World War, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000


Donkin, R., Blood, Sweat & Tears: The Evolution of Work, London: Texere, 2001


Donnelly, M., Britain in the Second World War, London: Routledge, 1999


Doob, L.W., Propaganda: Its Psychology and Technique, New York: Holt, 1935


———-, Public Opinion and Propaganda, London: Cresset, 1949


———, Public Opinion and Propaganda, Hamden, Connecticut: Archon Books, 1966


Dower, G.W., War without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War, London: Faber, 1986


Duffy, M., England: The Making of Myth from Stonehenge to Albert Square, London: Fourth Estate, 2001


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Creative Commons Licence
The Planning, Design and Reception of British Home Front Propaganda Posters of the Second World War (PhD, 2004) by Dr Bex Lewis is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

History Reviewer

Clark, T. Art and Propaganda London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1997

Aimed largely at the undergraduate market (unfortunately un-referenced), the book beings with a brief discussion of the connotations of the word ‘propaganda’: “For some ‘propaganda art’ is a contradiction in terms: ‘propaganda’ suggests government-sponsored censorship, intimidation and deception, while ‘art’ implies the pursuit of beauty, truth and freedom.”

Clark argues against this negative and unbalanced view, examining the complex relationship between art and politics, demonstrating how works of art can have a political purpose, and considering how particular art styles become associated with political systems.

Clark considers not only the state propaganda produced by the dictatorship states, but also deals with the question of propaganda as produced by democratic states, from the late 19th century to the 1990s

The image used on the front cover is one of the best remembered posters from the Second World War, and is contrasted in the book with a poster used in the First World War which highlights the differing roles of women during the world wars.

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History Reviewer

Cantwell, J.D. Images of War: British Poster 1939-45 London: HMSO, 1989

The first half of the book contains some illustrations, but is largely text covering a brief history of the Second World War. Cantwell claims that “No British poster of the Second World War had the dramatic impact or the ensuring quality of Kitchener’s ‘Your Country Needs YOU’ in the First.” But many poster slogans have never been forgotten by those who lived through the war years, but most people who DIDN’T live through that time could name at least one or two poster slogans: ‘Careless Talk Costs Lives’, ‘Dig for Victory’, and ‘Coughs and Sneezes Spread Diseases’ – although I’m sure you can remember many more!

He claimed that “Visually, they cannot be regarded as great works of art; neither were they intended as such by the artists concerned, many of them distinguished within their own profession.” It was not only the message that was important, the posters also “tell us something about the prevailing manners and customs. They also mirror the changing fortunes of the war…”[p4]

The second half of the book is devoted to some of the many posters produced during the war, by the Ministry of Information, amongst others. The only shame is that with so many posters to choose from, and so little space, there are three or four series which are over-represented amongst the selection.

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History Reviewer

Cantwell, J. The Second World War: A Guide to Sources London: PRO, 1998

This book is a really useful source to consider before you visit the Public Record Office on any project, whether personal or academic. If possible, use in conjunction with their online catalogue before you start any research. The book gives a very good idea of what is contained in the PRO, along with factual information about the Ministers of various departments, accompanied by several pages of information about the wartime roles of the various departments and ministries.